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UK Budget (Spring Statement) 2022 – Highlights

UK Budget (Spring Statement) 2022 – Highlights

The Chancellor of the Exchequer presented the United Kingdom (UK) Budget (Spring Statement)2022 before Parliament on March 23, 2022. UK National Statistics has confirmed that inflation has reached a 30-year high. As per the Spring Statement, the Inflation rate is expected to peak at 8.7% inQ4 of 2022 with  and annual inflation rate for 2022 forecasted at  7.4%. The GDP is expected to grow by 3.8% in 2022, with forecast GDP growth rate of 1.8% for 2023. The Government has also proposed certain measures to provide support to households and businesses in view of the rising cost of living.

The following are the key proposals:

  • For Individuals and employers:
  • National Insurance – The annual Primary Threshold will be increased to GBP 12,570 from GBP 9,880 effective July 2022. Further, for self-employed individuals, the lower profits limit has also been increased to GBP 12,570.
  • Personal Income Tax (PIT) – The Basic rate of Personal Income Tax would be lowered to 19% from 20% effective April 2024.
  • National Living Wages (NLW) – National Living Wages (NLW) for individuals above the age of 23 will increase by 6.6% to GBP 9.50 per hour effective April 2022.
  • Employment Allowance – The Employment Allowance has been increased from GBP 4,000 to GBP 5,000 effective from April 2022 to  enable employers to reduce their NIC liability. The allowance is deductible from the employer’s national insurance contribution.
  • Indirect taxes:
  • Relief for Energy Saving Materials (ESM) – Effective April 2022, the installation of ESMs such as solar panels and heat pumps shall be taxed at zero rate for VAT. Further, wind and water turbines would also be considered as ESMs.
  • Reduced Fuel Duty – The fuel duty on petrol and diesel is reduced by 5p per litre for aa period of 12 months, through March 2023. The reduction  is effective from March 23, 2022, 6 pm UK time.
  • Other tax benefits
  • Annual Investment Allowance – The Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) allows a company to deduct full value (100%) of an amount invested in Qualified Plant and Machinery (excluding car) for the year. Previously this allowance was set at GBP 200,000. However, the limit is now increased to GBP 1 million until March 2023. The Government is also looking at ways for providing further tax relief for capital investment which are likely to be announced in the Autumn budget. Earlier, the Government introduced a super deduction which is a capital allowance in the first year of investment and is available through March 2023.
  • R&D Relief – The Government is proposing to revamp  R&D relief. It intends to include cloud costs associated with R&D in the scope of relief. More announcements are expected in the upcoming Finance Bill.

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